The worldly currency of Abdullah Syed

Zoe Ghani

5 March 2019

I am filled with nervous energy about the prospect of meeting western Sydney-based artist, designer and scholar Dr Abdullah M. I. Syed in person.

There is a sense of familiarity in knowing he is from Pakistan, given I was born in Afghanistan. I am expecting shared cultural norms to come up, common words in Urdu and Dari to be exchanged between us, I want to tell him that I have a brother named Abdullah too. But there is also a sense of anxiety. Will I do a good job of telling his story, given his four-page resume is witness to a life of learning, creation and creativity in every waking moment? The sentences sit side by side, broken into two columns, made up of words in tightly packed rows like perfect teeth with not an inch of page to spare. He has been called a polymath, an apt description of a life lived between cities, wearing the cloak of both master and student, combining multiple disciplines to make meaning through art and design. He is a modern renaissance man. “I am constantly learning different techniques and crafts to push my art practice from video editing, ceramics and weaving to learning and practising archery, to bodybuilding physical exercise and nutrition. This is why I call my art practice interdisciplinary as I truly seek to bring diverse knowledge from various fields.” When I meet Syed in his studio in the Western Sydney suburb of Parramatta, I am surprised by his youthful face, full head of dark hair and boyish smile. It sharply contradicts the volume of accomplishments in his resume. He welcomes me with a warm handshake into a tidy light-filled room on the second floor of a block on Church Street. There is a quilted rug spread on the floor, in hues of reds and oranges (his personal meditation spot and one of his hand-sewn works made in assistance with his sister Umme from a previous exhibition), a cupboard against a wall where he keeps supplies neatly stacked, his desk and chair in the corner opposite a small fridge and tea area. The wide windows by his desk look down upon the bustling Centenary Square and up into a clear blue sky.

He has prepared for my arrival by having tea and coffee on hand which he offers in multiple combinations and he places nuts in a small decorated bowl inviting me to help myself. The way he plays host is different from my usual business meetings and reminds me of the Afghan custom of tea and nibbles being offered to visitors in our home when I was growing up.

Within a few minutes, I realise that entry into Syed’s world, to go beyond the resume, to the heart of his art making, begins in his childhood. It requires a meandering journey through the corridors of his memories. What makes the journey so captivating is not just the story itself but the vivid detail it carries, as if he is reliving the moments he is describing.

His eyes take on a distant gaze as he talks in a smooth ribbon of words, describing places, then moving backwards and forwards in time, interlinking ideas and concepts with a slight hint of an English accent. He talks of himself being a boy of about five in Pakistan, watching his mother count the salary that her husband has sent from Saudi Arabia. Later, Syed watches his mother write their household expenses in her meticulously kept expense ledger, a monthly ritual she has followed throughout his childhood, notes changing from one hand to the other as she concentrates on her counting.

Abdullah Syed, Mother & Son I, 2016, Mixed media, 24k hand gilded pure pigment print on Cotton Rag paper, 91.5 x 76.55cm, Image courtesy the artist, Photograph by Mim Stirling.

His mother’s ledger and her diaries appear in his body of work titled Substitute: The Untold Narrative of a Mother and Son.  His mother is an important inspiration in Substitute, a mixed media work with the image of a money plant (Golden Pothos) at its centre.

“The money plant is a substitute for her offspring, who have left home. She nurtures the plants as if they are her children,” Syed says.  

In his studio, we talk about banknotes which are a prominent device appearing in many of his works. Substitute, Currency of Love, Capital Couture (Sherwani) and his Divine Economy series, which Flying Rugs included a miniature rug made from whole banknotes stitched and fringed with shredded banknotes, all make use of currency in different ways. His work engages with the central role that money plays in economies of consumption and how money often navigates cultural and political identities, historical milestones and power structures.

“The one US dollar played an important role in my exploration of the concept Divine Economy. Almost 28 years after the release of the current iteration of the one dollar bill, American lawmakers added the phrase “In God We Trust” to the banknote in an attempt to demonize and claim moral superiority over the communist Soviet Union during the Cold War…the primary purpose of money is to project religious identities, bolster preconceived notions of moral superiority, and to measure ownership, economic power, and ultimately false prosperity.”

Syed stands excitedly from behind his desk and walks to the cupboard to show me the notes he has collected. Some of them are in envelopes held in bunches, donated by friends and given by collectors who no longer want them. He also avidly collects banknotes still in uncut sheet form, and others meticulously shredded and ready to be used for his projects.  His interest in currency brings us back to the topic of his parents and the connection between currency as a device and a deep link to the memories he has, of his father who collected coins, stamps, and paper currency from across the world and of his mother counting the wages each month.

In  Discourse Within Discourse: The Circle his mother, Azra, plays the role of collaborator. Syed learnt new skills from her about dye and spices to create a work which evokes the senses of sight, smell and taste. It’s his first installation showing seven spices encased in fragrant dyed cheesecloth suspended with the use of traditional Zardozi embroidery threads from Pakistan.  The installation pays homage to Suspended Stone Circle II by Ken Unsworth.

Upon seeing Unsworth’s work, Syed says, he “felt gravity didn’t exist…the stone must be very heavy but it is not…this was one of the few artworks that nudged me towards art making, or more precisely installation art.”

Syed’s Circle is an antithesis to the post September 11 world, a world obsessed with fear, of terrorism, of islam and of the different ethnic minority groups residing within America. A world where the popular cultural discourse propagated the idea that America is a melting pot.

“I am absolutely against that idea because melting pot means you are making a homogeneous mixture, that things have no identity of their own, everything becomes a gooey mess. To me America should be an amazing Biryani where every grain is different,” Syed says.  

During this time his work was being seen to engage in postcolonial discourse with spices from Pakistan being seen as a statement against colonialism.  It is the first time he felt his identity as an artist dictating the interpretation of his work.

“Nobody would consider me an American artist or a Western artist, they would look at me and the works…and say it always goes back to my South Asian heritage”.

He does not start his creative process from an idea centred around his heritage but uses aspects of his heritage and personal history as a tool to make his art. This practice, he has learnt, can pigeonhole him when viewed by Western eyes.  Herein lies the challenge as Syed exists (like my own experience of the migrant diaspora), in the nexus between the two universes of his heritage culture and his adopted home, not fully occupying an identity in one or the other. When he goes to Pakistan, he is seen as an artist with Western sensibilities rather than Pakistani and when he is in the West he is viewed as a Pakistani/Muslim artist rather than a “Western” artist.

 

A borderless nomadic existence between Sydney, Karachi and New York, a life dedicated to the quest for learning and mentors, rich with creation and creativity suits Syed. From a young age, he sought this existence and worked to make it real.  “I grew up with the idea that, for knowledge, travel as far as you have to,” he says.

I sense a humble reverence towards his past mentors, as Syed talks of those who helped him along his path. The stories bring to my mind an image of Syed as a Sufi disciple with his master leading the way on the path of devotion. His mentors helped shape not just his art and design practice but his confidence and approach to life as a person and he seeks mentors and teachers wherever he goes.

One of people who is currently part of his life and whom he admires in his local community is Khaled Sabsabi, an award winning artist from Western Sydney, where Syed has been living since 2006.  

“Brother Khaled Sabsabi [the founder of eleven Collective] wants to make sure that migrant artists are well represented, taking their narratives as their own and not as tokenistic artists.  He wants us [the members of eleven Collective] to genuinely talk about our issues as artists from the Islamic diaspora. Not all muslim artists are the same … and have our own agency and that is what eleven is about”.  

During his time with eleven Collective which includes other artists from migrant and muslim backgrounds, Syed exhibited works such as Soft Target. In Soft Target Syed stands on top of a printed plastic mat which is a bullseye target that is placed in front of famous tourist attractions around the world.

“In military terms, if you destroy soft targets, it’s the thing that brings the people’s morale down as the landscape they were used to has changed. By putting myself in front of the soft target location or tourist attraction in a docile manner, not even looking at the camera, I pose the question of who is the soft target here? Is it me? When you stand in front of this artwork there is a moment when you replace me and you stand in it as a target. It was a risk I took as part of my political activism work that is based on empathy and sharing vulnerability. If I perform this work now, I will probably get into serious trouble. I don’t know what courage I had…”

Later this year Syed will present at exhibitions in New York, Sydney & Melbourne. In Sydney visitors will see his vision and courage on display around the question of How to: Democracy at the Campbelltown Arts Centre.

For the exhibition Syed will create “paper dresses” with the words “Fair Dinkum” printed on them as marketing slogans. The concept of paper dresses is inspired by a short-lived fashion novelty trend of making clothes from disposable paper fabric in America in the 1960s and later used for the former US President Richard Nixon’s campaign in 1968.  

“The rights of people being encroached for example on Manus island, is that a fair go?” Syed says, questioning if the concept of Fair Dinkum is true for all Australians today.

“My practice is a pendulum which is between politics and spirituality. Right now my focus is on politics. The work to be exhibited will be my take on democracy.”

He shows me several possible designs for his paper dresses and I am elated to be able to see the work in progress beforehand, to imagine these dresses worn at the exhibition by participants. I believe Syed does have the courage to continue to push boundaries and this is important because artists like him shine a harsh light on aspects of society that we often prefer to leave in the shadows. They are vital agents for societal reflection and ultimately for positive change.  

Author

Zoe Ghani has two first names and two birthdays but only one set of these is legal. This is not because she is a spy, but a result of her refugee experience. Zoe started her career as a journalist, was seduced by the Internet and has worked for over a decade in technology. She loves to find commonalities between creative writing and creativity in Tech. She works as Chief Technology Officer at THE ICONIC and sits on the board of Australia for UNHCR. Zoe’s first novel in progress, Pomegranate and Fig, has been shortlisted for the 2018 Richell and Deborah Cass awards and won the 2018 Westwords Emerging Writers award and the Westwood’s Fellowship Award.

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