Ishigumi 石組 ✿ Japanese rock garden

Garden of Stories

11 August 2022

Isshidan garden is located in front of the Hōjō of Ryōgen-in. It is inspired by the chambers of Master Tōkei (1454-1518), House of the Single Branch on Vulture Peak. It is a Zen Buddhist karesansui (dry landscape) garden that expresses the stone of Mt Penglai. This refers to the Daoist belief in an auspicious island that contains the elixir of immortality. Photo: Gary Warner

Ishigumi transforms the mountain landscape into a garden form. Visit and enjoy stories from Japan’s rich craft cultures.

Each Japanese garden reflects the concept of an owner or a gardener over time. They express concepts of Shintoism, Daoism and Buddhism by incorporating elements of nature such as water, rocks, trees, plants and mountains.

Japanese have great skill in making everything in a compact size, like transforming a natural landscape into a garden, a big tree into a Bonsai tree, etc.

Sachiko Tamashige speaks about the skills of a good Japanese gardener:

One of the gardeners who I interviewed told me that the most important thing in creating a garden was to choose the main rocks and their position, which defines the beauty of the entire structure. The structure of the Japanese gardens involves a water pond, an artificial mountain, then rocks, trees and plants. Skilful gardeners can put all these elements in the right position.

Mitate is the process of metaphor, such as when a big rock resembles a sacred mountain. The arrangement of rocks is called ishigumi 石組). Stones can be arranged to symbolise religious significance such as Horaisan mountain and Tsuru-shima  (the island of the crane, which is a place to pray for long life) and Kame-shima  (the island of the tortoise, also a place to pray for a long life).

Please enjoy these stories from our garden about objects of Japanese culture: 

Holding a Shinto mirror to the world on which we stand - Kyoko Hashimoto's place-based jewellery practice makes visible the hidden substances that fuel economic growth.
Chiharu Shiota ✿ The Soul Trembles Ruptures Realities - Pamela See is intrigued by the Shinto roots in Chiharu Shiota's exhibition, in which she deconstructs the canvas to envelop the viewer in purifying threads.
MAOTA: Five yarn dyed colours, inspired by Aizome - Alisa Ota Tietboehl reflects on her journey growing up around the world, where she developed a passion for Japanese craftsmanship and textiles.
Issey Miyake: Pleating craft and technology together  - LOkesh Ghai offers a personal tribute to the Japanese designer who did so much to bring Asian creativity to fashion, including an appreciation of Indian handmade textiles.
Ishigumi 石組 ✿ Japanese rock garden - Ishigumi transforms the mountain landscape into a garden form. Visit and enjoy stories from Japan's rich craft cultures.
Bren Luke ✿ Life at a distance - Our August laurel is awarded to Bren Luke for his poignant animated illustration of a streetscape in Japan, which invokes the concept of ma, negative space, to reflect the era of social distancing.
Craft Culture in Early Modern Japan: Learning by doing - D Wood reviews Christine Guth’s Craft Culture in Early Modern Japan and finds fascinating detail about the elaborate world of makers.
Genta HAYASHI ✿ Jūbako for the time of plum blossom - Our March laurel is awarded to Genta HAYASHI from Osaka for a beautifully made but complex lacquer container that celebrates the coming of spring and plum blossoms.
Katsugi: Female divers of Japan come up for art - Zoe Devenport writes about an exhibition by Aiko Ohno and Zoe Porter that celebrates the life of female divers in ink and thread
Imagining a nostalgic future: The cosmic ceramics of Douglas Black - Liliana Morais explores the world of a US-born ceramicist who gives expression to planetarity from his self-built house in the mountains of Japan.
The box: A magic object of objects - Beginning with the Japanese animation Spirited Away, Bic Tieu traces her fascination for the magic of the box in Japanese craft and discovers how it connects humans and nature.
Yuko Kikuchi: Where to find Mingei in Japan today - In a Garland podcast, Yuko Kikuchi finds the spirit of Mingei in contemporary Japan, associated with MUJI department store and manga comics.
Alchemy in Japanese traditional craft: Forging and polishing the spiritual world - Sachiko Tamashige writes about two Japanese metalsmith families, Myochin and Yamamoto, who demonstrate an alchemical power to transport base metal into the spiritual realm.
Utsuwa: The extraordinary is every day in Japan - Kylie and Tiffany Johnson share their journey to find makers of everyday objects in Japan, including Keigo and Chiaki Sakata at the To-ji Temple market in Kyoto.
Let’s go back to the campfire: The lesson of mingei - Liliana Morais looks critically at the decline of mingei and argues for a stronger social context for craft.
Kishōtenketsu: Kawase Shinobu’s celadon journey - Bonnie B. Lee writes about the four-part structure from Chinese poetry that informs the ceramics of Kawase Shinobu.
Polishing: An overlooked craft - Jahan Rezakhanlou reveals the wonders of polishing in Japan, Uzbekistan and India.
The spirit of Japanese mingei in Brazil - Our Reinventing the Wheel series considers the evolution of Japanese craft traditions in Brazil, as documented by Liliana Morais and Silvia Sasaoka.
The Fidan doll: A bridge between Turkey and Japan - Songül ARAL finds a village woman who made a traditional doll after her children left home. But how did it find its way east to Japan and start an export business?
Water, Wood and Wild Things: Learning Craft and Cultivation in a Japanese Mountain Town – review - D Wood reviews a book about Yamanaka, a village in a "nether region" of Japan where beautiful traditions linger.
Kôgei between Japan and Brazil: The ceramics of Shoko Suzuki - Liliana Morais follows a Japanese ceramicist who built a kiln in order to make a life between Japan and Brazil.
Ikebana: A flower arrangement in search of poetry - For Shoso Shimbo, the meaning of Ikebana goes beyond art and design.
Eastern glazes: The provenance of celadon, tenmoku and shino - Sandra Bowkett starts to question her right to use Japanese terms.
Alchemy in Japanese traditional craft: The transformation of light in Tamahagane forging and polishing - The eleventh talk in our Reinventing the Wheel series is in Kyoto, where Sachiko Tamashige introduces the traditional practice of sword and mirror polishing.
Netsuke today - The traditional Japanese wood carving craft of netsuke continues to evolve.
Senryu: Three little words make many objects - Sayumi Yokouchi, Mari Ishikawa and Mikiko Minewaki are inspired by the short Japanese poetry of Senryu to make beautiful jewellery.
Toshizō Hirose ✿ The sentō stamp today - What's the life of a stamp maker in Japan today? We ask Toshizō Hirose, who was commissioned to make a sentō stamp for an exhibition about Japanese bathhouses in Sydney.
Futaba ✿ Living with a broken beauty - Wakana Yanagida profiles the Japanese vlogger who celebrates the pleasure of living with handmade objects.
The Kawashima Textile School ✿ Ancient kasuri is alive in Japan - Helen Ting talks to Emma Omote about her role in keeping the ancient craft of kasuri weaving alive and asks: how resilient is this specialist craft skill in the age of machinery and mass production?
Finding Taketa: Serendipitous discovery and reflection in practice research - On a humid Sunday, Jo McCallum begins a journey to understand the particular mystery that is bamboo in Japan.
Kimono o’clock: The watchstrap artist - A striking example of "living craft" is Tong's incorporation of heritage Japanese textile into something you wear every day on your wrist.
Masahiro Sasaki ✿ Glass comes first - The glass artist Masahiro Sasaki follows the Japanese way of craft, or kogei, where materials comes before concept. 
Following the Lacquer God - Dave van Gompel writes about the extraordinary commitment required to master lacquer, and why it has a new-found relevance today.
Seikatsu Kogei: The Japanese carpe diem of the arts - Madeleine Thomas finds the embodiment of simple beauty known as Seikatsu Kogei in the presence of woodworker Ryuji Mitani from Matsumoto, Japan.
Seikatsu Kogei: Standard-issue craft - Related to our 生きている工芸 Ikiteiru kōgei (Living craft) issue, this exhibition at the Japan Foundation emphasises the beauty of ordinary handmade objects.
Mino-momoyama ware - Gallery VOICE introduces some of the unique Japanese ceramic ware that is the fruit of the legendary Momoyama kiln in Toki City Gifu prefecture.
Japan black: Setoguro ware ceramics - Tomoko Kawakami writes about the exhibition, Kirin-ji: The challenge of making ceremonial tea bowls
Yuri KEZUKA ✿ Our world in a clay mirror - Kurt Brereton finds a Japanese ceramic artist whose work defies hyper-consumerism.
Harry T. Morris ✿ The spirit of fuzei in furniture - Artist in Residence at The Bower Reuse and Repair Centre, Harry T. Morris, is inspired by the Japanese concept of fuzei to use discarded materials in producing furniture of lasting value. We learn the experiences in Japan that inspired this appreciation of fuzei.
Kyoko Hashimoto ✿ the Musubi necklace - Kyoko Hashimoto's Musubi necklace is a striking example of how a Japanese craft technique can help us appreciate the local quality of another country, in this case the sandstone that defines the Sydney basin.
Saori weaving: Striving for irregularity - Kaz Madigan shares her unique relationship to the Japanese Saori weaving workshop, which values the human touch as part of Zen Buddhism
Ceramics for the Autumn Takayama Festival (Hachiman Matsuri) - For the upcoming Autumn Takayama Festival, Gallery VOICE is presenting work by six ceramic artists and the golden lacquer art called Shunkei.
Mikio Toki ✿ Edo kites keep hope afloat - Our pursuit of beautiful and thoughtful objects can take us far beyond the gallery. From kite-maker Mikio Toki, we learn that art taken to the skies can be a powerful way of giving thanks.
Rough translation: The language of materials in three exhibitions - Brian Parkes reflects on the material translations that occur across three exhibitions at CraftACT.
Becoming blind to climate change: An age-old Japanese solution - This is a time when we might look to traditional crafts which offered offline means of staying cool, such as the paper fan and these Japanese screens.
The shape of YOI よい: A drunken evening of Japanese ceramics - An exhibition of Japanese ceramics based on the concept of YOI, which can mean good, evening and drunkenness.
Sairi Yoshizawa ✿ The colours of eucalyptus - Sairi Yoshizawa's recent award-winning work applies a particularly Japanese approach to Australian nature, revealing the rustic beauty of eucalypt dyes.
Why a Japanese lacquer master sought a surfing legend - Lacquer is a gift of the ancients that is largely forgotten today. Sachiko Matsuyama is convinced of its value not just for its redolent surface but also as a bond between people and nature. She finds an inspiring future for lacquer in the work of Takuya Tsutsumi, in partnership with an Australian surfboard maker.
Garland in Vietnam - Join us as we explore the One Village One Product movement in Vietnam.
Manami Aoki ✿ Kushi-ireru-ki (hair of wood) - Our laurel for March 2019 goes to emerging Tokyo jeweller Manami Aoki for her work "Hair of wood".
An orchid in the desert – the lacquer journey of Bic Tieu - Kevin Murray explores how Bic Tieu uses the medium of lacquer to tell a unique Australian story,
Arigato Japan - We offer some brief glimpses of the launches of our 生きている工芸 Ikiteiru kōgei (Living craft) issue across Japan.
Kougie now – Craft experience at Hotel Kanra Kyoto - Shingo Yamasaki, director of KOUGEI NOW, in conversation with Daisuke Tomooka, general manager of Hotel Kanra Kyoto, discusses their focus on the "craft experience".
余韻 (yo-in) / afterglow – Japanese ceramics in Melbourne - Compared to the KonMari "spark", the ceramic artist Yoko Ozawa has offers us more enduring and subtle light, the 余韻 (yo-in) afterglow, in which to view the resonant works she has gathered from Japan
Toru Kuwakawa ✿ String theory - Curator Tomohiro Daicho writes about the artist's quest to give expression to "savage math" of clay. 
Kuniji Tsubaki ✿ Hinraku, c’est bon! - If you want to get real about de-cluttering, embrace the spirit of hinraku, as in the portable tea room by architect Tsubaki Kuniji.
The limits of KonMari ✿ Fewer, better, older things - The famous decluttering method of Marie Kondo lacks some key Japanese values.
Sydney to Shigaraki and back again ✿ Merran Esson - Merran Esson, Malcolm Greenwood and Simon Reece enjoy wood-firing in the ceramic village of Shigaraki, with old and new generations.
ヨークに渡った新潟のわらアート:日本に学ぶ干し草彫刻 - わらアート作家、守屋陽氏から私のもとに1通のメールには、日本で初めて出版されるというわらアートの本の英名が書かれていた。そのタイトルは「わらで地域を再生する」。その出版物やプロジェクトに似つかわしくないタイトルに私の口から笑みがこぼれた。わらアートは西オーストラリア州に何をもたらすのだろうか。そして、それは日本の地方で起きていることと、何か関係があるのだろうか。
アイヌの手仕事:愛と祈りの布作り - アイヌの布が持つ不変の特質の最たるものは、作り手の愛情を留めおき、そこに込められた祈りによってアイヌとアイヌとをつなぐところだ。長谷川の言葉にもあるように、この祈りが布に命を吹き込み、それが力となって使い手や持ち主に働くのだ

Go back to the Garden.

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